Wednesday, 16 November 2016

SHORT ANSWERS - GENERAL GORDON BY LYTTON STRACHEY

GENERAL GORDON BY STRACHEY

(i) In his preface, what does Strachey claim are his goals in writing 'Eminent Victorians'?
Ans. Strachey says that he has attempted to present some Victorian visions to the modern eye. His choice has been determined by simple motives of convenience and of art. His purpose is to illustrate rather than to explain. He claims a brevity which excludes everything that is redundant and nothing that is significant. 
(ii) What are the contents of 'Eminent Victorians'?
Ans. "Eminent Victorians" is a book by Lytton Strachey, first published in 1918 and consisting of four leading figures from the Victorian era. These figures are: Cardinal Manning, Florence Nightingale, Thomas Arnold, and General Gordon.
(iii) What are Strachey's targets of irony?
Ans. Strachey is best known for his ironic attitude towards the subject of his biographical studies. His targets of irony are evangelicalism, liberalism, humanitarianism, education and imperialism. He is best known for "Eminent Victorians". He established the ironical writing of biography as a literary art. 
(iv) Who was General Gordon?
Ans. General Gordon (1833 - 1885) was a British army officer and administrator. He became a national hero for his exploits  in China and his ill-fated defense of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. 
(v) When and where was General Gordon born?
Ans. General Gordon was born on January 28, 1833 at Woolwich in London - one of 11 children, 5 girls and 6 boys in a closely-knit and very happy family of a Royal Artillery officer. 
(vi) Why is General Gordon always studying his Bible?
Ans. General Gordon's reading was confined almost entirely to the Bible; but the Bible he read and re-read with an untiring, an unending assiduity. There, he was convinced, all truth was to be found; and he was equally convinced that he could find it. 
(vii) What is the physical appearance of General Gordon?
Ans. Gordon's unassuming figure, short and slight, with its half-gliding, half-tripping motion, gave him a boyish aspect, which contrasted, oddly, but not unpleasantly, with the touch of grey on his hair and whiskers. There was the same contract between the sun-burnt brick-red complexion - the hue of the seasoned traveller - and the large blue eyes, with their look of almost childish sincerity. 
(viii) What services did General Gordon render for Britain?
Ans. Gordon saw action in the Crimean War as an officer in the British Army. He was anxious to fight in the Crimea. He was put to work in the Siege of Sevastopol and took part in the assault of the Redan from 10 June to 8 September. 
(ix) What services did General Gordon render for China?
Ans. In 1860 General Gordon volunteered to serve in China. In 1863 he entered Chinese service to suppress the Taiping rebellion. For his exploits in China, Gordon became a national hero. Nanjing's fall in July 1864 marked the end of one of the greatest civil wars in world history. 
(x) Why was General Gordon given the nickname 'Chinese'?
Ans. General Gordon made his military reputation in China, where he was placed in command of the "Ever Victorious Army", a force of Chinese soldiers led by European officers. In the early 1860, Gordon and his men were instrumental in putting down the Taiping Rebellion, regularly defeating much larger forces. For these accomplishments, he was given the nickname "Chinese Gordon". 
(xi) What services did General Gordon render with the Khedive?
Ans. In 1873 the Khedive Ismail of Egypt appointed Gordon governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. Gordon mapped the upper Nile River and established a line of stations along the river. He established his ascendancy over this vast area, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. 
(xii) What services did General Gordon perform as the governor general of Sudan?
Ans. As the governor general of Sudan, Gordon rendered many services. He mapped the upper Nile River and established a line of stations along the river. He established his ascendancy over this vast area, crushing rebellions and suppressing the slave trade. 
(xiii) Why was General Gordon sent to Khartoum?
Ans. In 1884 Gordon was sent to  Khartoum in Sudan by the British government to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum.
(xiv) When and why did General Gordon return to Europe?
Ans. In 1880, ill health forced General Gordon to resign his post of governor general of Sudan and return to England. 
(xv) How did General Gordon meet his death?
Ans. In 1884 Gordon was again sent to the Sudan by the British government to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum. Khartoum came under siege a month later, and on January 26, 1885, the Mahdists broke into the city and killed General Gordon at the Governor-General palace about an hour before dawn. The manner of his death is uncertain.

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